Pet Care Information
Guinea Pigs or Cavys, as they are often refered to, make good pets. They are clean and their size makes them easy to handle. Guinea Pigs can be kept as pets where it is impractical to keep other animals such as dogs and cats. A guinea pig makes little or no noise and if properly looked after, it does not smell.
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Use this handy list to help you select the necessary items to care for your guinea pig:
- Hutch Cleaner
- Lucerne Hay / Straw
- Guinea Pig & Rabbit Meal
- Food Bowl
- Water Bottle
- Water Guard (keeps water fresh)
- Salt Lick & Hanger
- Chew Treats
- Harness & Lead
- Guinea Pig Book
- Vitamin Supplement
- Worm Syrup
- Nail Clippers
Guinea pigs are normally kept in an outdoor weatherproof hutch. The hutch should have a weatherproof box in which lucerne hay can be placed as bedding. It should also have an area for the guinea pig to play, feed and rest outdoors. This is normally a wire run to give the guinea pig access to grass. In bad weather your guinea pig should be placed under cover. If you would like to keep your guinea pig indoors, a different hutch would be used. They have a full plastic base with a wire top. Easy access and easy cleaning are paramount in choosing a good hutch. Indoor hutches are ideal in hot weather.
Guinea pigs should be provided with a fresh daily supply of Guinea Pig & Rabbit Meal. A water bottle will provide your guinea pig with a fresh supply of water that cannot be spilt. We encourage the use of large water bottles, particularly in summer, to keep their water cooler.
Vegetables can also be fed as a supplement to your guinea pig’s diet, especially those high in vitamin C to prevent vitamin deficiencies. Your guinea pig will enjoy carrots, celery, tomatoes, apples, broccoli, lettuce, bread and thistles. Fresh grass can be given but remember that Guinea Pig and Rabbit Meal should be the staple diet and the green matter a supplement. A salt lick hung in the cage will provide minerals in your guinea pig’s diet.
Good hygiene is the basis for good health. The hutch, whether it be indoors or outdoors, should be cleaned at least weekly and all bedding replaced.
Gastrointestinal worms: Just like dogs and cats, guinea pigs can also become infected with worms. If left untreated they may hinder the guinea pig’s growth and development. As with most animals there is some risk of infection transferring to other pets and humans.
Gastrointestinal worms can easily be treated with liquid medications developed for guinea pigs. As a precaution they should be administered every three months.
If you decide to breed your guinea pigs you will need a cage for each adult guinea pig to control breeding.
The gestation period for guinea pigs is 60 days and it is possible the sow (female) may fall pregnant the same day she has the litter, you should therefore make sure the boar (male) is back in his own cage well before the due date.
Allow your sow a good break between litters to get her back in to condition. We recommend breeding your sow no more than twice a year. The offspring from each litter is normally sold between 6 and 8 weeks of age.
Although guinea pigs may be small animals you can still teach them to walk on a guinea pig harness Guinea Pigsand lead. A great way to exercise your guinea pig in the security of your backyard!